Carries of the month: September – Front Wrap Cross Carry and Ruck

Starting off our new carries of the month section, here are two great carries that we often suggest people start learning when they begin their wrap journey.


Front Wrap Cross Carry


Front wrap cross carry (FWCC) is a front carry done with a base size wrap (usually a 6) which has one wrap pass and two cross passes which can be bunched or spread. It is a great starting carry when you are learning to wrap. It can also be done well in a one way stretchy wrap like a Moby.

The carry is supported by the top rail, so ensuring the top rail of the wrap pass is tight is the key to this carry. Many people like to spread the cross passes for further support but if spread from the top rail this can cause an issue. If the wrap pass has enough slack for you to spread the cross passes from the top rail it probably isn’t tight enough. However you can spread from the bottom rail, which has the added advantage of being a lovely way to show off both sides of a wrap!

It’s a lovely carry from birth to toddler. I’m including several videos below with different techniques and ages of child.

FWCC the easy way

With a twist for a newborn

With a Moby

With flipped rails on cross passes

Ruck and variations (Tied in front, tied Tibetan, reinforced, with a ring, tied under bum, tied at shoulder/cccb, knotless)


Rucksack carry or ruck is a simple symmetrical back carry which can be done with any size wrap from a 2 upwards. It has a large number of variations which can make it comfortable for almost anyone. It consists of a single rucksack pass, and variations add either reinforcing cross or horizontal passes. It is an excellent carry for learning to back wrap with as it teaches various techniques which go on to be useful. It has the advantages of being a single layer carry which is good in warm weather, it has reinforcing leg passes which help with a leg straightener, and a ruck pass which comes high up the back to help with a leaner.

It is most simply done as a ruck tied in front with a size 3/4 wrap. This is a ruck pass and a bunched reinforcing cross pass over each leg and tied in front.

The most common variations are a reinforced ruck, where the reinforcing passes are spread over the child’s bottom to provide further support and an ‘unpoppable’ seat, or a ruck tied Tibetan, where instead of tying in front the tails are crossed over the chest to go over the top of the opposite shoulder strap, and are tucked back underneath – many people find this more comfortable on the shoulders. Both of these usually require a size increase over a basic ruck tied in front.

Here’s a video of these three techniques

And if you’re struggling with the concept of making a seat, here’s a seatless ruck

If the straps of the ruck carry are uncomfortable then an alternative can be to use a ring for the straps. This is done by starting the carry as normal with the single ruck pass over baby. Then both shoulder straps are passed through a ring before the reinforcing cross passes are done. This has the effect of moving the weight away from the shoulders and to the ring on the chest instead. This is a video of that technique

(couldn’t find a really great one of this, this is ok from about 2 minutes in but there must be a better one out there!)

Finally there are the short variations of the ruck which can be done with a size 2/3 – tied under bum, tied at shoulder, candy cane chest belt (cccb) and knotless. Excepting tied under bum these all start off centre and instead of the two reinforcing cross passes there is a single reinforcing horizontal pass. A ruck tied under bum still goes over both legs but is then immediately tied off. In all other cases the carry is started with one short tail and one long tail, and the ruck pass is made. The short tail is held taught and the long tail goes underneath the arm it is coming over and back over both legs, and up under the arm to join the short tail. It can then be tied off there (tied at shoulder), finished with a candy cane chest belt or with a knotless finish. A knotless ruck is a great carry for carrying a baby who cannot yet sit unaided if you have a real need to back carry. Here are videos of each method!


Tied under bum

Tied at shoulder, knotless and candy cane chest belt with a newborn

Knotless with a newborn

Knotless with a toddler

Let’s see the pictures!

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